Private Docker Registry
  • 10 Jan 2024
  • 7 Minutes to read
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Private Docker Registry

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Article Summary

​Using ProGet's Docker Registries, you manage your own and third-party Docker images in a unified way while defining fine-grained access control. ProGet works transparently with Docker Client, allowing images to be created internally or downloaded from remote Docker resources such as Docker Hub.

Internally, Docker registrations are represented as feeds, which means:

  • feed-specific permissions can be applied to Docker registries
  • you can configure Amazon S3 and Azure Blob Storage
  • the Docker registry name cannot be the same as the name of another feed

Multiple Docker Registries

ProGet lets you define as many Docker registries as you want. This allows you to manage each project in its own registry and exercise better access control over your Docker images.

Creating and using a Docker Registries in ProGet

To create a Docker registry in ProGet, go to Containers > Create New Docker Registry, then enter a registry name.

By default, Docker requires an SSL connection. You will either need to configure a valid SSL certificate (see HTTPS Support on Windows and HTTPS Support on Linux) or configure your Docker client to use an insecure registry.

Using an Insecure Registry (HTTP not HTTPS or Self-signed Certificates)

By default, the Docker client requires a Docker registry to use SSL with a valid certificate unless you use localhost:<PORT> as the URL. This would require ProGet to be set up in IIS with a valid security certificate. If you have set up ProGet using HTTP (in IIS or using the built-in web server) or are using a self-signed certificate in IIS, you must set up ProGet as an insecure registry in your Docker client.

HTTP Registries (IIS or Integrated Web Server)

To set up your Docker client to work with a registry using HTTP, you will need to add the registry's base URL name (not including the registry name) to the Docker daemon.json file. If your URL is not using port 80 or does not contain a . (as when using only a server name), you will also need to include the port in your URL.

For Example:

  • "insecure-registries" : [""]
  • "insecure-registries" : ["prodserver.inedo.local"]
  • "insecure-registries" : ["prodserver:80"]

An example Docker daemon.json:

  "registry-mirrors": [],
  "insecure-registries": [
  "debug": false,
  "experimental": false

Self-signed Certificates

To set up your Docker client to work with a registry using HTTPS with a self-signed certificate, you will need to install those certificates locally. See Docker's documentation for using self-signed certificates on how to properly install these certificates.

Setting up Docker Client

ProGet supports both token-based authentication (requires Docker 1.11.0 or later) and HTTP Basic authentication.

First, you need to log in to Docker. To do this, use the following command, where progetsv1 is the name of your ProGet server:

[~]$ docker login progetsv1:80

Any username and password that work for logging in via ProGet's web interface should also work with this command. Additionally, the username api can be used with an API key can be used as a password.

Docker requires TLS on any domain other than localhost, so the ProGet server must be accessible over HTTPS with a valid certificate. Alternatively, the ProGet server can be set up as an insecure registry using HTTP or HTTPS with a self-signed certificate.

If the URL is not using port "80" or does not contain a "." (i.e. using only a server name), you will also need to include the port in the URL.

For Example:

  • This will NOT work
    • This URL will tell docker to try and pull from the docker hub
    docker pull prodserver/myimages/dotnet/aspnet:5
  • What will work:
    • This will use the server prodserver.inedo.local
    docker pull prodserver.inedo.local/myimages/dotenet/aspnet:5
    • This will use the server prodserver over port 80
    docker push prodserver:80/myimages/dotnet/aspnet:5
    • This will use the server prodserver over port 443
    docker push prodserver:443/myimages/dotnet/aspnet:5

Note that the current user must have permission to use Docker. On Linux, this means being a member of the docker group or using sudo or su to switch to the root user temporarily. On Windows, the cmd or PowerShell instance must be started with admin privileges.

Publishing an Image

To publish a Docker image to ProGet, you first need to tag the image using Docker in a special format. For example, if we have an image locally called ubuntu:trusty, we need to retag it as follows:

[~]$ docker tag ubuntu:trusty progetsv1:443/dmc/ubuntu:trusty

Or, more generally, the format is: server/feed/image:tag.

Once tagged, the image can now be pushed to ProGet:

[~]$ docker push progetsv1:443/dmc/ubuntu:trusty

Pulling in Images

You can then pull the image in the same fashion:

[~]$ docker pull progetsv1:443/dmc/ubuntu:trusty

Deleting Images

To delete images, you can use Docker's Delete Image API, using a HTTP DELETE request as follows:

DELETE /v2/<repository-name>/manifests/<reference>

Note that the reference must be a digest. Deleting a tag is not allowed via this API, but deleting a manifest will remove any tag that directly refers to it.

In ProGet, the digest is at the top of the image details for a specific tag.

Via the API, the manifest digest can be found for tagged images:

  • To get a list of repositories, request
  • For each repository, you can get a list of tags via
  • From there, the tagged manifests can be accessed via
  • The hash is in the Docker-Content-Digest header for the response

You can also get the digest of an image you have locally via docker inspect -f '{{.Id}}'

When building, pushing, or pulling an image, the digest is printed near the end of the command output. The build command also supports using --iidfile to save the digest to a text file.

Using ProGet's Docker Registries Behind a Proxy Server

Many users will use a proxy server (such as nginx or Apache) to project connections with ProGet to add SSL support or to help manage incoming connections. It is also recommended to use a proxy server when using the Docker-based version of ProGet. Sometimes this can cause Docker login issues, preventing users from logging in. If you are using a proxy, you need to set the Web.BaseUrl in ProGet's Advanced Settings to the URL bound to your proxy server.

When the Docker client attempts to authenticate with ProGet, a request is sent to the /v2/ URL (i.e. ProGet will then return a header to tell Docker how to authenticate, that looks similar to WWW-Authenticate: Bearer realm="",service="". You must ensure that your proxy server properly sends this header back to the client with your proxy server's URL.

Advanced Concepts

Chunked and Monolithic Uploading

To support uploading large files over a single HTTP request, the Docker client will generally use a chunked upload process: send an upload initiation, a series of chunks (partial blob files), then an upload completion. ProGet supports this process, and assembles chunks as specified by the Docker API.

During the "FeedCleanUp" scheduled job, ProGet will purge incomplete uploads (i.e. chunks that were sent without an upload completion).

Garbage Collection

Unlike packages, a Docker image is not self-contained: It is a reference to a manifest blob, which in turn references a set of layer blobs. These layer blobs can be referenced by other manifests in the registry, which means that you cannot simply delete referenced layer blobs when you delete a manifest blob.

This is where garbage collection comes in; it is the process of removing blobs from package memory when they are no longer referenced by a manifest. ProGet performs garbage collection for Docker registries via the scheduled job "FeedCleanUp".


As of ProGet v5.1, Docker feeds support connectors to other docker registries. These connectors work a little differently than other connectors in ProGet. See Docker connectors for details.

Layer Scanning

As of ProGet v2023.26, container images can be scanned for information such as operating system and used packages. When enabled, images are scanned on upload if they are small, or queued to be scanned in the background if they are large. Packages used by an image will be displayed in the Packages tab when viewing a Docker tag.

Private Registry Limitations

Windows Integrated Authentication

The Docker client does not support built-in Windows authentication, which means you cannot set up "anonymous" access to a ProGet instance that has this enabled. To work around this, you can set up a second site in IIS without built-in Windows authentication enabled, pointing to the same path on disk.

Other Limitations

Docker is designed for tight integration with the publicly hosted Private registries are supported to some extent, but the Docker client and associated tools always assume that you are using their public registry, or at least the official private Docker Registry that they built and support. This can sometimes make working with private registries a bit difficult, but Docker Client support is gradually improving.

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