Hybrid User Directories
  • 11 Jul 2022
  • 2 Minutes to read
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Hybrid User Directories

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  • PDF

Article Summary

Deprecated Feature / Outdated Documentation

The "hybrid directory" was removed in ProGet 2022, BuildMaster 2022, and Otter 2022. Now you can just configure multiple directories to be active.

A hybrid user directory allows multiple user directories to be combined together, resolving principals from one or more existing user directories. This can be useful for any of the following use-cases:

  • Resolving users from active directory, while allowing additional users or groups to be added without required user accounts or security groups to be added to Active Directory
  • Provide dual authentication method for public-facing servers that are also on an internal Active Directory domain
  • Find users in one of two domains not connected via trust such as an on-prem domain and Azure Cloud AD

Supported User Directories

BuildMaster supports the following types of user directories, any of which can be referenced in a hybrid directory:

  • Built-in - define users and groups in BuildMaster
  • LDAP / Active Directory - define permissions against existing users or groups in an existing Windows AD forest or generic LDAP directory
  • Custom - because user groups are extensible, a custom user directory built against the Inedo SDK is eligible to be referenced in a hybrid user directory

Configuring a Hybrid User Directory

To edit or add a hybrid user directory you will need to go to administration section under Security & Authentication then click on Change User Directory (LDAP) and click the Advanced button. To edit an existing hybrid user directory, select its name in the user directory table. To add a new hybrid directory click the Add Hybrid Directory button, and then choose any combination of existing non-hybrid user directories to be included in the hybrid configuration.

Once the directory has been created, privileges must be assigned to it because privileges for the contained user directories are not considered when resolving permissions.

Switching to a Hybrid User Directory

In the administration section under Security & Authentication, click on Change User Directory (LDAP). This will prompt you to select or change your user directory option. Choose Hybrid-Directory, and enter a username/password combination of a user that has been granted the Admin_ConfigureBuildMaster task attribute.

Task Resolution

Principals and privileges are evaluated in directories in the order they are listed in the Directories field. This means that if a user is found in the first user directory listed, any subsequent user directories are not considered.

Because hybrid directories are evaluated in order when searching for principals, it is recommended that the built-in directory is always supplied first. This will prevent the performance hits of searching, for example, Active Directory if a user is specified within BuildMaster.

Hybrid Directory Limitations

Cannot Define Principals

Because a hybrid directory is not permitted to contain any principals of its own, contained users or groups cannot be edited from the Users & Tasks page for the hybrid directory. The users and groups must be configured for the configured directories assigned in it.

Cannot Reference Another Hybrid Directory

Hybrid directories are not permitted to contain other hybrid directories as part of its user directories configuration.

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